Know more about Dry Skin

Dry skin develops mainly as a result of under-active sebaceous glands, abnormal exfoliation of surface cells (hyperkeratosis), and environmental insults. As all body activities slow down with time, oil gland activity and exfoliation slow down as well. In fact, many women may find that their skin has gone from oily to dry after menopause. The lack of oil in dry skin reduces its ability to retain moisture, since oil on the surface of the skin acts as a natural barrier against moisture loss. Thus, dry skin is usually dehydrated and often feels scaly, rough, and itchy. Dry skin can frequently be characterized as very fine, overly delicate, and thin, with almost invisible pores. As a result, dry skin can have fewer cells in the stratum corneum layer than oily skin. The skin also tends to wrinkle easily and is often filled with tiny superficial lines. However, a dry skin type that is associated with abnormal exfoliation, sun damage, or general premature aging can appear thick and flaky.
Dry skin problems are aggravated by exposure to the sun, wind, and heat. Improper skin care, especially the lack of protection against moisture loss, further exacerbates this problem. Care for dry skin should include products that will add emollients or oils to the skin surface as well as those that add to or stimulate the skin’s natural production of humectants (water binding ingredients). Adding emollients or oils to the surface of the skin helps form a “sealing” film, minimizing moisture loss. These products could also include high molecular weight ingredients, such as collagen, hyaluronic acid, and dimethicone. Moisturizing ingredients such as glycolic and lactic acids, glycerin, urea, ceramides, and cholesterol help boost the skin’s natural water-retention ability and maintain moisture in the skin. Such multifunction moisturizers are essential for dry skin and are highly recommended. As with every skin type, the use of products with anti-oxidant ingredients is essential to delay cellular damage. The use of nourishing, hydrating masks is also advisable for dry skin.

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